The Americas

Cochrane Neonatal Reviews have been cited in 40 clinical guidelines from the Americas. 

To read the guideline, click on the guideline title below.  

United States

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

  1. ABM Clinical Protocol #12: Transitioning the Breastfeeding Preterm Infant from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to Home, Revised 2018 (3 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  2. ABM Clinical Protocol #29: Iron, Zinc, and Vitamin D Supplementation During Breastfeeding, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)

American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Fetus and Newborn 

  1. Assessment and management of inguinal hernia in infants, 2012 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  2. Hospital discharge of the high-risk neonate, 2008 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  3. Hypothermia and neonatal encephalopathy, 2014 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  4. Neonatal drug withdrawal, 2012  (2 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  5. Noninvasive respiratory support, 2016 (5 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  6. Patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants, 2016  (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  7. Postnatal corticosteroids to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia2010 (7 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  8. Prevention and management of procedural pain in the neonate: an update, 2016 (8 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  9. Respiratory support in preterm infants at birth, 2014 (3 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  10. Skin-to-skin care for term and preterm infants in the neonatal ICU, 2015 (2 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  11. Strategies for prevention of health care-associated infections in the NICU, 2012 (5 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  12. Surfactant replacement therapy for preterm and term neonates with respiratory distress, 2014 (16 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  13. Surfactant-replacement therapy for respiratory distress in the preterm and term neonate, 2008  (10 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  14. Use of inhaled nitric oxide in preterm infants, 2014 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)


British Columbia, Canada, Centre on Substance Use

  1. A Guideline for the Clinical Management of Opioid Use Disorder—Pregnancy Supplement, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 

Canadian Pediatric Society 

  1. Antifungal agents for the treatment of systemic fungal infections in children. [Issued 2010, reaffirmed February 2018] (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  2. Going home: facilitating discharge of the preterm infant [Issued 2014, reaffirmed January 2020] (6 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)  
  3. Guidelines for detection, management and prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm newborn infants. [Issued 2007, reaffirmed Feb 2018] (2 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  4. Guidelines for vitamin K prophylaxis in newborns, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  5. Human milk banking. [Issued 2010, reaffirmed Feb 2018] (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  6. Hypothermia for newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  7. Inhaled nitric oxide use in newborns. [Issued 2012, reaffirmed Jan 2020] (6 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  8. Iron requirements in the first 2 years of life, 2019 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  9.  Kangaroo care for the preterm infant and family. [Issued 2012, reaffirmed Jan 2020] (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  10. Managing pain and distress in children undergoing brief diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, 2019 (5 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  11. Minimizing blood loss and the need for transfusions in very premature infants. [Issued Dec 2015; reaffirmed January 2021] (5 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  12. Neuroprotection from acute brain injury in preterm infants, 2019 (8 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  13. Recommendations for the use of pacifiers. [Issued 2003, reaffirmed Feb 2018] (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  14. Red blood cell transfusion in newborn infants [Issued 2014, reaffirmed January 2020] (3 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 
  15. The interfacility transport of critically ill newborns. [Issued Jun 2015, reaffirmed January 2021](1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  16. The screening and management of newborns at risk for low blood glucose, 2019 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  17. Using probiotics in the paediatric population. [Issued 2012, updated Jun 2019]  (2 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  18. Guidelines for surfactant replacement therapy in neonates, 2021 (14 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  19. Postnatal corticosteriods to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants, 2020 (7 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  20. Pasteurized and unpasteurized donor human milk, 2020 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)

Canadian Urological Association

  1. Canadian Urological Association guideline on the care of the normal foreskin and neonatal circumcision in Canadian infants, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 

Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

  1. Breastfeeding - Promoting and Supporting the Initiation, Exclusivity, and Continuation of Breastfeeding for Newborns, Infants, and Young Children, 2018 (2 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited) 


Other Guidelines 

  1. Canadian Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Collaborative. Diagnosis and management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a clinical practice guideline, 2018 (3 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews 
  2. Consensus Report by the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators and Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation Consortium Joint Working Committees on Supportive Care Guidelines for Management of Veno-Occlusive Disease in Children and Adolescents, Part 3: Focus on Cardiorespiratory Dysfunction, Infections, Liver Dysfunction, and Delirium, 2018 (1Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  3. Managing and preventing vascular catheter infections: A position paper of the international society for infectious diseases, 2019 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited) 
  4. Perinatal Services BC Neonatal Guideline: Newborn Metabolic Screening, 2018 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)  
  5. Surviving Sepsis Campaign International Guidelines for the Management of Septic Shock and Sepsis-Associated Organ Dysfunction in Children, 2020 (4 Cochrane Neonatal Reviews cited)
  6.  A Consensus Approach to the Primary Prevention of Food Allergy Through Nutrition: Guidance from the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the Canadian Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2021 (1 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  7. Neonatal Resuscitation: 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care, 2020 (5 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)
  8. Consensus Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Neonatal Intestinal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations, 2020 (3 Cochrane Neonatal Review cited)